Department of Pharmacology

B J Medical College, Ahmedabad

1. Goal

  • The primary goal of the department is to teach and train undergraduate and postgraduate students in pharmacology, as per the contemporary requirements. It has certain specific research and academic interests too. The broad goal of teaching pharmacology to the undergraduate medical students is ‘to apply basic principles of pharmacology and therapeutics and to inculcate a rational and scientific basis of therapeutics’. While the overall goal of postgraduate pharmacology training is to acquire knowledge, skills and attitudes that will enable the students to function as an academician and/or as a research scientist or advisor in academic, research, corporate or administrative set up.

 

2. Objectives

i) Undergraduate Pharmacology Teaching

  • To instill a rational and scientific basis of therapeutics and to teach essential skills for selection of medicines safely and effectively throughout their professional career.

At the end of the course, the student should be able to:

a) Describe the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of essential and commonly used drugs.

b) List the indications, contraindications, interactions and adverse reactions of commonly used drugs.

c) Indicate the use of appropriate drug in a particular disease with consideration to its cost, efficacy and safety for individual needs and mass therapy under national health program.

d) Describe the pharmacokinetic basis, clinical presentation, diagnosis and management of common poisonings.

e) Indicate causations in prescription of drugs in special medical situations such as pregnancy, lactation, infancy and old age.

f) Integrate the concept of rational drug therapy in clinical pharmacology.

g) State the principles underlying the concept of 'Essential Drugs'

h) Evaluate the ethics and modalities involved in the development and introduction of new drugs.

ii) Postgraduate Pharmacology Training

At the end of the course, the student should be able to undertake following functions/activities successfully,

  • Teaching undergraduate as well as postgraduate students in Pharmacology
  • Research related to pre-clinical or clinical Pharmacology (conducting bioavailability and bioequivalence studies or clinical trials) andanalysis of medical records).
  • Specialized activities like running a Pharmacovigilance Centre, Poison and Drug Information Centre etc.
  • Present the research work at various academic programmes like conferences, seminars, symposia, training courses, workshops etc
  • Publication of scientific work in professional journals
  • Advisory role in various committees like Human Ethics Committee, Animal Ethics Committees, Drugs Purchase Committee, Hospital Formulary Committee, Infection Control Committee etc.

 

3. Head of the Department’s Message

Pharmacology aims to make better prescribers. It draws heavily from other basic as well as applied sciences. As a result, people at all levels will find something interesting in this subject. I invite you all to come, enjoy the discipline and contribute to the cause of better healthcare for the mankind.

 

4. Facilities in the Department

Teaching: Department of Pharmacology provides training in the subject of Pharmacology for the following courses

  • M.B.B.S. ( 2nd year MBBS students)
  • M.D. ( Post-graduate students in Pharmacology)
  • B. Physiotherapy ( 2nd year )
  • Medical Laboratory Technology (MLT) certificate course
  • B.Sc. (Nursing )

The department also evaluates the course contents, teaching methodology and methods of examination from time to time and updates them. The department has revised the practical pharmacology course curriculum as per the current need and relevance with emphasis on clinical and rational basis of therapeutics. ‘A manual of practical Pharmacology’ and Pharmacology Curriculum: Guidelines for Teachers’ have been published in this regard.

  • Pharmacovigilance Programme of India (PvPI): The Department of Pharmacology is recognised as an Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring Centre(AMC) under The Pharmacovigilance Programme of India, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India since 2010. It regularly collects, collates and reports to the National Co-ordinating Centre via web based ADR reporting system (Vigiflow).
  • Advance level training on Pharmacovigilance - B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

  • Regional training center and ADR monitoring center, B. J. Medical College, Ahmedabad successfully organized ‘Advance level training on Pharmacovigilance’ on 20th January-2017 in technical collaboration with IPC, Ghaziabad. There were 110 participants including the AMC Coordinators and Patient safety Pharmacovigilance associates of Gujarat and Rajasthan States, Pharmacologists and postgraduate students from various medical colleges of Gujarat and Rajasthan. The objective of training programme was to sensitize the participant to next level of pharmacovigilance activities i.e. benefit risk management, signal detection and management.

  • The programme was inaugurated by Shri Arvind Kukrety, Deputy Drug Controller, CDSCO, Dr. M. M. Prabhakar, Additional Director, Health, Medical Education and Services, Dr. B. J. Shah, Dean, B. J. Medical College and Dr. R. K. Dikshit, Prof & Head, Pharmacology, GCS Medical College, Ahmedabad.

  • Dr. Mira K. Desai, Professor & Head, Coordinator, Regional Training Centre & AMC, Pharmacovigilance Programme of India, B. J. Medical College, Ahmedabad welcomed and addressed the gathering. She emphasized the importance of the integration of Pharmacovigilance with different Public health programmes (PHP) and its advantages in detection of new signals. She said that Public health programmes are good platform to quantify ADRs and risk profile of new drugs. Such quantitative information will be useful for treatment guidelines, policies and improve the patient safety. 

  • Dr. Kiran Marthak, Director, Global Drug Development Programme, Lambda Therapeutics Research limited, Ahmedabad said that Risk Management Plan is an important component of Pharmacovigilance, as it is a part of submission of New Drug Application (NDA) as well as Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA).

  • Dr. Neha Vala, Deputy General Manager, Pharmacovigilance Division, Lambda Therapeutics Research Limited, Ahmedabad discussed different Principles of drug safety signal detection in post marketing phase. She explained the various method of single detection include traditional methods (qualitative) and data mining methods (quantitative). 

  • Dr. Prasad Thota, Assistant Scientific Officer, NCC, Pharmacovigilance Programme of India, Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission, Gaziabad, enumerated the signal detection process in PvPI. He also addressed the quality management system in PvPI which include total of thirty six Standard Operating Procedures to ensure the effectiveness of the system. This will be amended as and when required based on the comments and suggestions from the stakeholders.

  • The theme sessions were followed by group activities and discussions among the resource persons and participants. Moreover, the programme was evaluated by pre / post test and feedback from the participants. It  was very well appreciated by participants with remarks to frequently organize such training progamme. 

  •        
  • Scientific writing: The department has undertaken the manuscript management of Indian Journal of Pharmacology from 2007. The faculties on the editorial team include Dr. R. K. Dikshit, Dr. Mira Desai, Dr. Chetna Desai, Dr. Anuradha Gandhi, Dr. Prakruti Patel, Dr. Samidh Shah, Dr. Geetha Iyer and Dr. Megha Shah. The department intends to increase awareness about good medical writing and publication practices by organizing workshops on medical writing in the institute.
  • Various other service activities: The department is also involved in selection of drugs and publication of the list of Essential Medicines for the Central Medical Stores Organization, Government of Gujarat. Moreover, the department also participates in the work of The Institutional Ethics Committee and The Institutional Animal Ethics Committee. The department is also involved in Faculty Development Programme to sensitize and train medical teachers as per basic module recommended by the Medical Council of India. The department undertakes research projects pertaining to pharmacovigilance, drug utilization as well as rational use of drugs.

5. Subject Curriculum:

Theoretical knowledge is imparted by way of lectures, tutorials, discussion, seminars and symposia on:

  • General principles of pharmacology
  • Systemic Pharmacology –

o Autonomic Nervous System and Peripheral Nervous System

o Autacoids and related drugs

o Central nervous system

o General Chemotherapy

o Specific Chemotherapy

o Blood and Kidney

o Cardiovascular System

o Endocrine System

o Respiratory system

o Gastrointestinal system

o Miscellaneous topics (drugs used in skin, eyes and ear disorders, vaccines, management of poisoning and chelating agents)

Practical Curriculum

The training in practical skills is imparted during practical/demonstration classes in laboratories and also in the form of tutorials and small group discussions. The practical curriculum is divided into three parts:

  • Clinical pharmacy includes various dosage formulations, dosage calculation, clinical pharmacokinetics, sources of drug information etc.
  • Experimental Pharmacology includes in vivo and in vitro experiments to study effect of drugs on various body systems.
  • Clinical Pharmacology includes clinical trials, biostatistics, evaluation of fixed dose combinations, critical evaluation of drug promotional literature, adverse drug reaction reporting, essential medicines and P drug concept and prescription writing for common diseases and symptoms.

6. Examination Pattern

Formative examinations are conducted at the end of each semester by theory and practical examination and a MCQ test. Summative examination is held at the end of 5th semester.

Theory:

Paper – I 40  marks 2 hours duration

Paper – II 40 marks 2 hours duration

Internal assessment 20 marks

__________________

100 marks

Practicals: 40 marks

Internal assessment 10marks __________________

50 marks

 

7. Teaching Staff (as on 15/07/2013)

 

Sr. No

Name       

Designation

1

Dr Mira K Desai                    

Professor and Head 

2

Dr Chetna K Desai                

Professor

3

Dr Anuradha M Gandhi

Professor

4

Dr Manish N Solanki

Associate Professor

5

Dr Chandresh Dumatar

Associate Professor

6

Dr Prakruti P Patel

Associate Professor

7

Dr Dinesh J Vyas

Assistant Professor

8

Dr Megha Shah

Assistant Professor

9

Dr Jigar Panchal

Assistant Professor 

10

Dr Vishal Mishra

Assistant  Professor 

11

Dr Jigar Kapadia

Assistant  Professor 

12

Dr Shailesh M Vadajiya

Tutor

13

Dr Ami B Suthar

Tutor

 

8. Non-Teaching Staff

Sr. No          Name                           Designation

1            Mr. Ramesh C Vaghela      Lab. Technician

2.           Ms. Neelam Parmar           Clerk