Biochemistry Department

B. J. Medical College, Ahmedabad

1. Goal:

The Department of medical Biochemistry strives to provide students with a broad understanding of the fundamentals of the medical Biochemistry that operate in health and disease.

2. Objectives:

Knowledge:

At the end of course student shall be able to:

  • Know the basic biochemical processes taking place in the body.
  • Know abnormal and pathological conditions, which are related to biochemical defects.
  • Perform accurate and precise quantitative measurements.
  • Use and understand principles of current instruments, particularly spectrometers, chromatography, electrochemical instruments and lab computers.
  • Keep legible and complete experimental records.
  • Anticipate, recognize and respond properly to hazards of chemical manipulations.
  • Interpret experimental results and draw reasonable conclusions.
  • Communicate effectively with his colleagues, teachers and employees in the department.
  • Communicate effectively through oral and written reports.
  • Achieve high ethical standards.
  • Learn independently.

 

 Skill:

At the end of the course student shall be able

  • Able to tests for Carbohydrate, Proteins, Lipids and physiologically important substances.
  • Able to perform Qualitative analysis of food.
  • Able to perform tests for Chemistry of milk
  • Able to perform tests for Chemistry of egg white
  • Able to perform tests for qualitative analysis of body fluids.
  • Able to perform tests for composition of CSF.
  • Able to perform tests for study of abnormal constitutes of urine
  • Able to perform Gastric function tests.
  • Able to perform test for composition of normal gastric juice
  • Able to perform tests for composition of abnormal gastric juice
  • Able to do tests for Total, Free and Combined acidity of gastric juice.
  • Able to perform tests for kidney function.
  • Able to perform tests of urine analysis of albumin and blood.
  • Able to perform tests of titrable acidity and ammonia in urine.

 

3. Head of Department’s Message:

B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad is a landmark institution in India for higher medical education and research.

Department of Biochemistry of this college, since its establishment, has contributed to the teaching of numerous generations of undergraduate students in the field of Medicine. In recent years, since 2010 we have started MD Biochemistry course under guidance of Professor and Associate Professor.

As Head my goal is to direct the Department along with an innovative scientific roadmap to contribute to integrated vision of Medicine. The Department is well prepared for the challenges. In recent years we have achieved NABL Accreditation in Clinical Biochemistry laboratory which renders laboratory services to vast number of patients every day.

The Department has excellent teaching staffs committed to teaching and preparing students for lifetime learning and scholarship. MD Biochemistry students of this department are posted in the affiliated prestigious Gujarat Cancer Research Institute for six month to learn innovative techniques in molecular biology and get exposure to various higher end medical laboratory equipment.

Please feel free to pursue our website to learn about our education and CME programs. There are lots of great things going in this B.J. Medical College and many more in future!

 

Best whishes

Dr. M. Chakrabarti

Professor and Head

Department of Biochemistry

4. Subject Curriculum:

 

  • CELL MEMBRANE AND SUB CELLULAR ORGANELLES: Cell composition, Sub cellular organelles, Transport mechanisms, facilitated diffusion, Ion channels, Active transport, sodium pump
  • CARBOHYDRATES: Chemistry of carbohydrates (Structure& Properties and functions of mono, di& polysaccharides), mucopolysaccharides, Digestion & absorption of carbohydrates, Glycolysis & its regulation, TCA Cycle, Cori cycle, H.M.P. shunt, Carbohydrate metabolism Inborn errors of metabolism
  • PROTIENS AND AMINO ACIDS: Classification & Properties of proteins and amino acids, Structure of proteins, Digestion & absorption of Proteins and related disorders, Biochemical transformations of aminoacid, Metabolism of individual amino acids, Inborn errors of amino acid metabolism, Plasma proteins, Peptides of Biochemical importance
  • LIPIDS: Classification of lipids, Properties & functions of fatty acids & Triglycerides, Phospholipids, Cholesterol, PUFA & its clinical importance, Digestion & absorption of lipids, Oxidation of fatty acids, Synthesis of fatty acids, Metabolism of fatty acids, Blood cholesterol level & Atherosclerosis & disorders
  • ENZYMOLOGY: General Concepts & Enzyme Kinetics, Iso-enzymes and Clinical Enzymology
  • HOMEOSTATIC MECHANISMS: Acid-base Balance & pH, Electrolytes and Water Balance
  • HORMONES: Mechanism of actions
  • VITAMINS & MINERALS: Fat soluble vitamins, Water soluble vitamins, Minerals.
  • DIET & NUTRITION
  • MOLECULAR BIOLOGY: Nucleotides - Chemistry &metabolism, DNA Structure & Replication, Transcription & Translation, Molecular Genetics& Control of geneexpression, Recombinant DNA Technology& gene therapy, Molecular biology techniques
  • AIDS & CANCER
  • BODY DEFENCE MECHANISMS: Immunoglobulins, free radicals, peroxidation, Xenobiotics
  • ENVIRONMENTAL BIOCHEMISTRY

LIST OF DEMONSTRATIONS & DISCUSSIONS

  • Newer specific biochemical techniques employed for diseases.
  • Electrophoresis, Chromatography in clinical chemistry.
  • Laboratory instruments—colorimeter, spectrophotometer, analyzers
  • Renal function tests
  • Glucose tolerance >T
  • Cardiac profile
  • Liver function tests
  • pH & Blood gas analyzer
  • Thyroid function tests.
  • Pancreatic function tests.
  • Diseases of iron metabolism.
  • Haemoglobin & haemoglobinopathies
  • Interpretative clinical chemistry with case reports
  • Tumor markers

5. Facilities in the department:

a. Hi-tech biochemistry Laboratory (working 24 hours) :

Offers all routine parameter testing like

  • Blood sugar (RBS, FBS, PP2BS, GTT),
  • Renal Function Tests (Serum Urea, Creatinine),
  • Liver Function Tests (Serum Bilirubin- Total and Direct, Alkaline Phosphatase, SGPT, SGOT, GGT, Total Protein, Albumin)
  • Arterial Blood Gas analysis
  • Serum Electrolytes (Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, Ionized Calcium)
  • Sugar and Total Protein analysis of pleural fluid, ascitic fluid and cerebrospinal fluid.

Special Investigations like

  • Lipid Profile (Total Cholesterol, HDL, LDL, VLDL, Triglycerides)
  • Serum CK-MB, CK-Total
  • Serum Amylase
  • Serum total calcium, inorganic phosphorus, uric acid
  • Thyroid profile (T3, T4, TSH)
  • Serum ferritin level
  • G6PD estimation

Extension Activities: Laboratory is accreditated by NABL (National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories) accreditation since 2010.

 

b. OPD Blood Collection Center:

Following activities are carried out at OPD Blood Collection Center

  • Sample collection
  • Entry of patient data and laboratory request
  • Transport of request form and sample to various laboratories of hospital
  • Obtained results online by coordination various laboratories
  • Dispatching report within defined turnaround time

 

c. Undergraduate Biochemistry Laboratory: for practical activities at undergraduate levels

 

d. Departmental Post graduate laboratory: for postgraduate research and practical

 

 

6. Examination Pattern:

Rules regarding in internal evaluation:

  • 75% attendance is essential for being eligible to appear in university examinations. (488/650)
  • Student must secure 35% of total marks (14 out of 40) fixed for internal assessment to appear in university exams.
  • 1st internal test is held in January and 2nd internal is held in May/June.
  • Internal theory test consist of MCQs, short notes and objective questions. No assay type full question.

 

Scheme of Breakup of internal evaluation:

 

 

Theory Marks

Practical Marks

1st internal test

5.0

5.0

2nd internal test

7.5

7.5

Day to Day evaluation

7.5

7.5

Total

20

20


 

Practical (Paper scheme)

 

Practical

60 Marks

Experimental

40 marks

a) Qualitative (20 marks)

 

b) Quantitative (20 marks)

 

Viva

20 marks


 

Marks calculation:

 

 

Theory

Marks

External

Paper-1

50

 

Paper-2

50

Internal

-

20

 

Practical

Marks

External

-

60

Internal

-

20

Total

-

20


 

Report Sheet of 1st year of M.B.B.S.

Record of Attendance

 

Semester

Attendance

1st semester

 

2nd semester

 

Final Attendance

 

Signature

 

 

 

Record of Examination:

1st Term

 

Name of Exam

Theory

Practical

Part Ending test

 

 

Periodic test

 

 

Part Ending test

 

 

1st Internal test

 

 

Signature

 

 

 

 

2nd Term

 

Name of Exam

Theory

Practical

Part Ending test

 

 

Periodic test

 

 

2nd Internal test

 

 

Signature

 

 

 

 

Record of Final Internal Marks

 

Marks

Theory

Practical

Final Internal

 

 

Signature

 

 

 

 

7. Teaching staff information

 

SN

Name

Designation

Qualification

1

Dr. M. Chakrabarti

Professor

M.D. (Biochemistry)

2

Dr. A. S. Khubchandani

Asso. Prof.

M.D. (Biochemistry)

3

Dr Mukesh Gohel

Asst. Prof.

M.D. (Biochemistry)

4

Dr. C. G. Shah

Tutor

M.B.B.S.

5

Dr. K. H. Kharsadiya

Tutor

M.B.B.S.

6

Dr. J. S. Anand

Tutor

M.B.B.S.

7

Dr. M. S. Patel

Tutor

M.B.B.S.

8

Mr. Anant Joshi

Tutor

M.Sc.

 

 

8. Non-teaching staff information

 

TECHNICAL STAFF LIST (In UG laboratory):

 

Sr. No.

              Name

               Designation

1.

Smt. Amiben D. Joshi

Lab. Technician

2.

Kum. Varsha M. Shah

Lab. Technician

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TECHNICAL STAFF LIST (In Hi-Tech Biochemistry Laboratory):

 

Sr No

       Name

       Designation

1

Smt. Bhavna M. Shah

Lab. Technician

2

Smt. Sharmishtha V. Patel

Lab. Technician

3

ShriJatin K. Shah

Lab. Technician

4

ShriRohit R. Kachhiya

Lab. Technician

5

Smt. Aarati R. Hotwani

Lab. Technician

6

Smt. Usha B. Jingar

Lab. Technician

7

Smt. Sejal S. Bhagora

Lab. Assistant

8

ShriMahipat K. Chandavat

Lab. Assistant

9

ShriTusharMakawana

Lab. Assistant

10

ShriDharmendraRathod

Lab. Assistant

11

ShriNikul J. Jadav

Lab. Assistant

12

ShriNayan D. Gajjar

Lab. Technician

13

Shri Bharat G. Parmar

Lab. Technician

14

Shri. Keyur D. Chauhan

Lab. Technician

15

Smt. Sheetal J. Shah

Lab. Technician

16

Kum. Megha I. Narayan

Lab. Technician

17

Daxa A. Patel

Lab. Technician

18

Kum. Dipali M. Raval

Lab. Technician

19

Kum. Urvi N. Panchal

Lab. Technician

20

Kum. Seema K. Barad

Lab. Technician

21

Smt. Manjula P. Vaghela

Lab. Assistant

22

Kum. Raxa J. Bhuva

Lab. Assistant

25

ShriKundan S. Patel

Lab. Assistant

26

Kum. Ankita P. Patel

Lab. Assistant

27

ShriIshan B. Patel

Lab. Assistant

28

ShriSandeepRasadia

Lab. Assistant

 

TECHNICAL STAFF LIST (In OPD Blood Collection Centre):

 

Sr. No.

NAME

DESIGNATION

1.

Smt. Shyamali. S. Benarjee

Lab. Technician

2.

ShriBipin Leuva

Lab. Assistant

3.

ShriDahyabhai. M. Gohil

Lab. Assistant

4.

Nikita A. Patel

Lab. Technician

5.

Nilam V. Prajapati

Lab. Technician

6.

Kum. UnnatiParmar

Lab. Assistant

7.

Kum. Pooja Sharma

Lab. Assistant